Journal of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery

Online ISSN: 2433-1783 Print ISSN: 2433-2720
Japanese Society of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery
Japanese Society of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery Academy Center, 358-5 Yamabuki-cho, Shinju-ku, Tokyo 162-0801, Japan
Journal of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery 6(2): 43-47 (2022)

Educational ReviewEducational Review

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Children and Adolescents

Department of Lifelong Sports and Health Sciences, Chubu University College of Life and Health Sciences ◇ Aichi, Japan

受付日:2021年7月30日Received: July 30, 2021
受理日:2022年2月20日Accepted: February 20, 2022
発行日:2022年7月1日Published: July 1, 2022

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a clinical testing that allows for the analysis of gas exchange during exercise. Maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max), a comprehensive index of cardiac, respiratory, and skeletal muscular functions, is one of the important measurements obtained in CPET. Anaerobic threshold, the exercise intensity at which lactate starts to accumulate in the blood, is widely used, as it represents an exercise level that is not too strenuous, but not too mild. The minute ventilation/carbon dioxide output relationship (V̇E/V̇CO2 slope) is often used as a prognostic marker of cardiac failure. The oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) is a submaximal index of cardiorespiratory functional reserve, and correlates strongly with V̇O2max. This marker is utilized as a prognostic tool for various heart diseases including congenital heart defects.

Key words: cardiopulmonary exercise testing; oxygen uptake efficiency slope; peak oxygen uptake; anaerobic threshold; exercise testing

This page was created on 2022-06-02T16:24:38.698+09:00
This page was last modified on 2022-08-03T16:35:38.000+09:00